Today’s digital cameras offer so many options for shooting landscapes. Each new generation of cameras brings additional advances in sensor and processing technology, as well as shooting features that bring us closer all the time to being able to capture the beauty of what we are seeing.

To make the best of this technology, it is still important to understand and be able to apply the basic photography principles that are related to the same camera features that were used to adjust each exposure when shooting film.

There are only three options for every photo you shoot:

  1. Exposure
  2. Motion
  3. Depth of field (the amount of the image that appears in sharp focus from near to far)

These are controlled with three camera feature:

  1. Aperture size (for depth of field)
  2. Shutter speed (for motion)
  3. ISO setting (which affects image quality and exposure)

All three (aperture, shutter, ISO) may be adjusted to affect exposure,

The speed of the shutter affects the appearance of both the subject motion and camera motion. A faster shutter speed is more likely to freeze subject motion and eliminate blur from camera shake.

Lenses with wider angles have greater potential depth of field than longer telephoto focal lengths, and the smaller the aperture, the greater the depth of field. So, working with an ultra-wide angle focal length and a small aperture can provide depth of field from details just inches in front of the camera to the far away mountains.

Understanding how to use and apply these photography principles gives a person full control over every photo they take.

More to come! Over the next several weeks we’ll be diving deeper into these tips and more with noted Adirondack photographer, Carl Heilman II. He will detail more on exposure and histograms, and motion and depth of field. We’ll also get some tips on working with camera technology, photo composition and using a tripod, and how to be in the right place at the right time. Follow us on Facebook for updates on upcoming entries. Click here to read more about Carl Heilman II.